My list of American history's 25 greatest progressives
by mkfox, Mon Jun 19, 2006 at 12:26:21 AM EDT
Based on their achievements, actions and impact, from presidents and Founding Fathers to suffragettes and abolitionists.
1. James Madison (1751-1836)
Father of the Constitution, co-author of the "Federalist Papers," fourth president of the United States
2. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)
Civil rights advocate, Nobel Peace Prize recipient
3. Thomas Paine (1737-1809)
Author of "Common Sense,""The Crisis,""Rights of Man" and "Age of Reason"
4. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)
Author of the Declaration of Independence, author of the Virginia Statutes of Religious Freedom, third president of the United States, founder of the University of Virginia
5. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
Author, publisher, scientist, diplomat, delegate to the Second Continental Congress, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, founder of the University of Pennsylvania
6. William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879)
Co-founder of the American Anti-Slavery Society, editor of "The Liberator"
7. Roger Williams (1603-1684)
Co-founder of Rhode Island colony, author of "The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution" and "The Bloudy Tenent yet more Bloudy"
8. George Mason (1725-1792)
Author of the Virginia Bill of Rights, delegate to the Constitutional Convention
9. Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)
Abolitionist, author, civil rights advocate
10. Roger Nash Baldwin (1884-1981)
Co-founder of the American Civil Liberties Union
11. Earl Warren (1891-1974)
14th chief justice of the United States Supreme Court
12. Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919)
26th president of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize recipient
13. Eugene V. Debs (1855-1926)
Co-founder of the American Socialist Party
14. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902)
Co-organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention, co-founder of the National Women's Suffrage Association
15. Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906)
Co-founder of the National Women's Suffrage Association, author of "The History of Women's Suffrage"
16. Cesar Chavez (1927-1993)
Co-founder of the National Farm Workers Association
17. Ida B. Wells (1862-1931)
Civil rights advocate, anti-lynching advocate, muckraker
18. Upton Sinclair (1878-1968)
Author of "The Jungle," muckraker
19. Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)
Civil rights advocate, author, educator
20. Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804)
Treasury Secretary, co-author of the "Federalist Papers"
21. W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963)
Civil rights advocate, author
22. Rachel Carson (1907-1964)
Author of "Silent Spring," environmentalist
23. Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896)
Civil rights advocate, author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
24. Margaret Sanger (1879-1966)
Founder of Planned Parenthood
25. Harry S. Truman (1884-1972)
33rd president of the United States