On Our Bill of Rights Passed This Day in 1791

After the ratification of the Constitution, the First United States Congress met in Federal Hall in New York. Many of the delegates demanded a "bill of rights" that would guarantee individual liberties and freedoms in face of the powers granted to the Federal government. James Madison, the principle author of the Constitution and then a member of the US House of Representatives, initially opposed such an idea but fearing that the arguments of the anti-Federalists might lead to a rejection of the Constitutional project he then wrote and submitted 17 articles of amendment on June 8, 1789.

The Senate took up the bill and reduced the number to 12, by combining some and rejecting others. The House accepted the Senate's changes, voting on September 24th and 25th, 1789. Twelve articles of amendment were sent to the states for ratification. The first two proposed amendments, which concerned the number of constituents for each Representative and the compensation of Congressmen, were not ratified. Articles 3 to 12, however, were ratified over the next two years - 811 days to be precise and a number to bear in mind later - by three-fourths of the state legislatures, and now constitute the first 10 amendments of the Constitution. These amendments known as the Bill of Rights were ratified on this day in 1791.

We take these rights for granted all too often forgetting the long course of human history and the fact that these rights are not yet universal and remain denied across much of our world. But at the same time our American Revolution remains incomplete for we still suffer the tyranny of economic oppression and the obstruction of Senators who think themselves monarchs often acting more as ambassadors from entrenched and powerful interests then as true representatives of the people. This nation has long strived to provide a just and fair distribution of the national income and yet there are those who continued to advocate for the interests of the narrow and profane at the expense of the general welfare and ultimately against the national interest.

If today is a typical day in these United States that we all profess to love so much then today sixty of our fellow citizens will die for no reason other than for lack of health insurance. If today is a typical day in these United States, then 6,427 of our fellow citizens who more often than not actually have some insurance will file for medical bankruptcy. Most medically bankrupt families were part of our once broad middle classes before they suffered financial setbacks often through no fault of their own. Sixty percent of them had attended college and 66.4 percent had owned a home; 20 percent of families included a military veteran or active-duty soldier. Seventy-eight percent of the individuals whose illness led to bankruptcy had health insurance at the onset of the bankrupting illness; 60 percent had private insurance. Their pursuit of happiness denied to satisfy the avarice of a few.

If today is a typical day in the United States, a land of an unbelievable bounty, then today one in four children will not have had enough to eat. In 2008, nearly 17 million children, or 22.5 percent, lived in households in which food at times was scarce. What does it say about our nation and more acutely about our political leadership when we permit and they let nearly a quarter of our nation's children suffer from such want despite having the means to ameliorate such human suffering. If tonight is a typical night in the United States, then 200,000 veterans of our Armed Forces will sleep on the street or in a shelter. The main cause of their homelessness is not drug or alcohol abuse, their problem is part of a broader and more systemic one -the problem is stagnant income and a lack of affordable housing. These on-going economic problems reflect a lack of political will to tackle them and not a lack of a means or resources. The main cure for homelessness is affordable homes. Nine million low-income renter households nationwide pay more than half of their income for housing. In no community in the US today can someone who gets a fulltime job at the minimum wage reasonably expect to find a modest rental unit he or she can afford. We in these United States endure a life that no other advanced industrial society tolerates. It is not because we lack the resources but because we lack the political will to once and for all unshackle ourselves from the bondage of corporate servitude.

On January 11, 1944, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposed "the establishment of American standard of living higher than we have ever known before." His address that day in a State of the Union Address laid out a vision that included a second bill of rights for these United States that remains as yet unfulfilled thwarted now as then by a rightist reaction that seeks to perpetuate their power through monopolistic rent-seeking practices via a legislative fiat. In this nefarious scheme, they remain enabled by the poltroonery of our elected representatives who pretend to serve the national interest when in fact they exist but to serve the interests of those who finance their campaigns. The nation is, indeed, conscious of this fact.

This speech, reflective of long-cherished principles of the Democratic party, is as relevant today as it was then and I urge my fellow citizens, especially those who share the view a more noble cause does not exist than to ensure a fair society for only such a land is truly free, to take five minutes to listen to words that still speak to the promise of these United States.

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An Economic Recovery for Everyone

Today, the public will get a look at how funds distributed through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 are being spent when the reports from agencies receiving these stimulus funds are released.

While many questions will surround the release of this information, it's likely that a critical part of this story will be lost unless we ask the right questions about this spending. Namely, is this stimulus really creating a recovery for everyone?

This is an important consideration given that many groups of Americans have consistently been left behind in ways that hard work and personal achievement alone cannot address. This was true even before the economic downturn began to affect everyone else, and it's likely that the crisis has further worsened gaps in income and assets that existed already.

To get an idea of what some Americans faced before the crisis, just look at 2007, the year before the crisis began affecting everyone:

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