by borderjumpers, Fri Nov 20, 2009 at 06:45:02 AM EST
This is part-one of a two-part series of our three day visit with the Solidarity Center in Kenya to meet with workers and look at the tea and flower industries.
Lake Naivasha is known as a beautiful place to see wildlife, including thousands of pink flamingos. But just off the main road to the Naivasha national park, are hectares and hectares of greenhouses as far as the eye can see. They're not growing food inside the greenhouses--although Kenya, like other parts of Africa, is experiencing food shortages, malnutrition, and hunger because of prolonged drought--but flowers. The flower factory we visited -- the Sher Karuturi plant -- produces up to one million roses a day, which are sold at auction in Dubai and Holland and eventually make their way to the European Union and the United States.
Bella Rose, Red Calypso, Sunny Sher, Wild Thing, Ria, and Inca are all grown here--roses with enticing names that give little indication about how their grown or how the workers are treated.
The week before we arrived, four women, according to Peter Otiend Ombude, the branch secertary for the Kenya Plantation and Agricultural Workers Union (KPAWU), were hospitalized for chemical exposure. Apparently they were sent into the 35 degree Celsius greenhouses too soon after chemicals, mainly pesticides, were applied to the flowers. Although we're told that the conditions are better at this farm than some of the other farms--workers are provided a stipend for housing, there's a school located on site, and the salaries are higher than what employees of other farms make (on average $6200 Kenyan Shillings per month compared to $5000).
"The reason why conditions are better off is because of our union," said shop steward and mechanic at the plant, Ferdinand Jumo. The KPWU is currently in contract negotiations to negotiate higher wages, keep school costs down, and improve safety equipment. The Solidarity Center is working on helping them grow through ranks, as they've lost density in the industry due to heavy intimidation and pressure campaigns to keep workers from forming unions. In fact, ten additional flower factories abide by the collective bargaining agreement anyways just to keep workers from organizing.
But the union, with help from the Solidarity Center continues to make changes. "One of the most important things we've done is fight against gender discrimination," says union flower picker Samson Ouuda. "We've fought differences in wages, and won new policies to stop sexual harassment." An important win since many of the people working in the flower industry are young women.